Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. perspire - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. Hence, in hot weather, or when the individual's muscles heat up due to exertion, more sweat is produced. → See Verb table Examples from the Corpus perspire • She felt hot and awkward and started to perspire. This process is referred to as acclimatisation: the maximum rate of sweating increases and its solute composition decreases. [23], People have an average of two to four million sweat glands. A clinician should immediately consider acrodynia in an afebrile child who is sweating profusely. Some medical conditions, such as kidney failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also affect sweat odor. Medications that are used for other treatments and diet also affect odor. As someone becomes fit, the body becomes more efficient at regulating the body's temperature and sweat glands adapt along with the body's other systems.[24]. Sweat is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0. In the sweat ducts, the Na+ ions are re-absorbed into tissue by epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) that are located on the apical membrane of epithelial cells that form the duct (see Fig. Mercury is well known for its use as a diaphoretic, and was widely used in the 19th and early 20th century by physicians to "purge" the body of an illness. During average intensity exercise, sweat losses can average up to 2 litres of water/hour. As high energy molecules evaporate from the skin, releasing energy absorbed from the body, the skin and superficial vessels decrease in temperature. See perspire in the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary Skin bacteria break down the fats into unsaturated fatty acids that possess a pungent odour. It is generally an inherited problem that is found in each ethnic group. While night sweats might be relatively harmless, it can also be a sign of a serious underlying disease. The heat-regulatory function of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs from temperature receptors in the skin. Human eccrine sweat is essentially a dilute sodium chloride solution with trace amounts of other plasma electrolytes. … Also (rare): perspirate. Judith Butler is a post-structuralist philosopher and queer theorist. [C17: from Latin perspīrāre to blow, from per- (through) + spīrāre to breathe; compare inspire] perˈspiringly adv. It can cause both physiological and emotional problems in patients. [citation needed]. Print. Strong emotions (anger, fear, anxiety) and recall of past trauma can also trigger sweating. This word is both a noun and a verb; it can refer to the act of sweating or to the sweat itself. [19] Tannic-acid has been found to suppress the allergic response along with showering. Unlink other animals, mammals can perspire. There is interest in its use in wearable technology. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Lebanese American University awards a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) (verb) [15] Sympathetic postganglionic neurons typically secrete norepinephrine and are named sympathetic adrenergic neurons; however, the sympathetic postganglionic neurons that innervate sweat glands secrete acetylcholine and hence are termed sympathetic cholinergic neurons. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. How to use perspire in a sentence. Animals with few sweat glands, such as dogs, accomplish similar temperature regulation results by panting, which evaporates water from the moist lining of the oral cavity and pharynx. If it is accompanied by unexplained weight loss or fever or by palpitations, shortness of breath, or chest discomfort, it suggests serious illness. to secrete or exude (perspiration) through the pores of the skin. Drugs (including caffeine, morphine, alcohol, antidepressants and certain antipsychotics) may be causes, as well as withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines, nonbenzodiazepines or narcotic painkiller dependencies. [citation needed]. In a person unused to heavy sweating, the loss of sodium chloride during a period of heavy labour or high temperatures may be great (see sodium deficiency), but the efficiency of the gland increases with use, and in acclimatized persons the salt loss is decreased. Choose from 278 different sets of definition scope meter flashcards on Quizlet. Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. 1260-264. See more. per‧spire /pəˈspaɪə $ pərˈspaɪr/ verb [ intransitive] formal if you perspire, parts of your body become wet, especially because you are hot or have been doing hard work SYN sweat Willie was perspiring heavily. Learn definition scope meter with free interactive flashcards. spires v. intr. Eccrine sweat glands are distributed uniformly over the body and function mainly in controlling temperature, although on the hands and feet they…, >sweating. perspire. In severe cases, botulinum toxin injections or surgical cutting of nerves that stimulate the excessive sweating (Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy) may be an option.[22]. Medical Physiology. Sweat can be sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos, bands, or patches. The face is another common area for hyperhidrosis to be an issue. If an individual weighs more, sweat rate is likely to increase because the body must exert more energy to function and there is more body mass to cool down. [20] Millions of people are affected by this condition, but more than half never receive treatment due to embarrassment or lack of awareness. However, due to the high toxicity of mercury, secondary symptoms would manifest, which were erroneously attributed to the former disease that was being treated with mercurials. Thus, eccrine sweat is an important mechanism for temperature control. perspire: 1 v excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin Synonyms: sudate , sweat Types: swelter suffer from intense heat Type of: egest , eliminate , excrete , pass eliminate from the body [2], Many other trace elements are also excreted in sweat, again an indication of their concentration is (although measurements can vary fifteenfold) zinc (0.4 milligrams/liter), copper (0.3–0.8 mg/l), iron (1 mg/l), chromium (0.1 mg/l), nickel (0.05 mg/l), and lead (0.05 mg/l). Cooled venous blood then returns to the body's core and counteracts rising core temperatures. v. tr. Hidromeiosis is a reduction in sweating that is due to blockages of sweat glands in humid conditions. Perspiration (also called sweating or sometimes transpiration) is the production of a fluid, consisting primarily of water as well as various dissolved solids (chiefly chlorides), that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals. [25] Night sweats caused by a medical condition or infection can be described as "severe hot flashes occurring at night that can drench sleepwear and sheets, which are not related to the environment". Their secretion is largely water (usually about 99 percent), with small amounts of dissolved salts and amino acids. The camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C (106 °F) before sweating at all. What does perspire mean? A microfluidic model of the eccrine sweat gland provides details on what solutes partition into sweat, their mechanisms of partitioning, and their fluidic transport to the skin surface. For other uses, see, "Perspire" redirects here. perspire example sentences. The fine woolly coat insulates the body, reducing heat gain. How to use perspire in a sentence. Some people can develop a sweat allergy. Sympathetic nervous system stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines have also been associated with diaphoresis. [3][4][5] Evaporation of sweat from the skin surface has a cooling effect due to evaporative cooling. Sweat is mostly water. [intransitive] (formal) Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. Perspirate definition: to secrete or exude ( perspiration ) through the pores of the skin | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It is not life-threatening, but it is threatening to a person's quality of life. Although the mineral content varies, some measured concentrations are: sodium (0.9 gram/liter), potassium (0.2 g/L), calcium (0.015 g/L), and magnesium (0.0013 g/L). Perspiration definition is - the action or process of perspiring. However, the role of the support … How to use perspiration in a sentence. The vast majority of sweat glands in the body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. In addition, pneumothorax can cause diaphoresis with splinting of the chest wall. The University of Benin PharmD program is a six-year undergraduate program. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In extreme conditions, human beings may excrete several litres of such sweat in an hour. Translate Perspire. When you perspire, a liquid comes out on the surface of your skin, because you are hot or frightened. perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. Most infections can cause some degree of diaphoresis and it is a very common symptom in some serious infections such as malaria and tuberculosis. Sweat mostly consists of water, along with minerals, urea, and lactic acid. Jpundt. ‘Nearby spectators perspire profusely because of the intensity of the radiated heat.’ ‘At the moment, however, the mayor is perspiring.’ ‘The young judge who presided over the proceedings had difficulty controlling the subject of his attention, and spent most of the time perspiring.’ Explore more about Reflex Action, types and its process @ BYJU'S Perspire definition is - to emit matter through the skin; specifically : to secrete and emit perspiration. Omissions? Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (e.g. ( pəˈspaɪə) vb. Biology Final Review (2008) 50 terms. [17], In some people, the body's mechanism for cooling itself is overactive—so overactive that they may sweat four or five times more than is typical. perspire - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Areas that produce excessive sweat usually appear pink or white, but, in severe cases, may appear cracked, scaly, and soft. Some of the underlying medical conditions and infections that cause these severe night sweats can be life-threatening and should promptly be investigated by a medical practitioner. liquid that appears on your skin when you are hot or nervous SYN sweat, → antiperspirant He wiped the beads of perspiration (=drops) from his brow. [27][28] Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations. "Sweat" redirects here. Initially, within eccrine glands sweat has a high concentration of Na+ ions. Another word for perspire. Night sweats, also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep. [21] Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.. Two types of sweat glands can be found in humans: eccrine glands and apocrine glands. perspired v past verb, past simple: Past … [14], Diaphoresis is a non-specific symptom or sign, which means that it has many possible causes. Some exogenous organic compounds make their way into sweat as exemplified by an unidentified odiferous "maple syrup" scented compound in several of the species in the mushroom genus Lactarius. 122 terms. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In general, emotionally induced sweating is restricted to palms, soles, armpits, and sometimes the forehead, while physical heat-induced sweating occurs throughout the body. Sweating allows the body to regulate its temperature. Diaphoresis may be associated with some abnormal conditions, such as hyperthyroidism and shock. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Secretion of sweat by eccrine glands in the skin. To excrete perspiration through the pores of the skin. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. Reflex Action is an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a stimulus. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In some cases a reddish pigment may also be present. [29] In humans, sweat is hypoosmotic relative to plasma[30] (i.e. Inflections of 'perspire' (v): (⇒ conjugate) perspires v 3rd person singular perspiring v pres p verb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing." Two of the major contributors to sweat rate are an individual's fitness level and weight. Sweating uncontrollably is not always expected and may be embarrassing to sufferers of the condition. According to the biological definition of a species, which organisms listed below would belong to the same species? Infantile acrodynia (childhood mercury poisoning) is characterized by excessive perspiration. Biology Midterm. Emotional stress stimulates contraction of the gland, expelling its contents. some insecticides) also cause contraction of sweat gland smooth muscle leading to diaphoresis. The person may or may not also perspire excessively while awake. In a cool climate and in the absence of exercise, sodium loss can be very low (less than 5 mmol/d). Dissolved in the water are trace amounts of minerals, lactic acid, and urea. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 05:59. Sweat glands, piloerector muscles, and some blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. This is a very common occurrence during the menopausal transition years. Item Term. Overall, however, the sweating response to a rise in hypothalamic ('core') temperature is much larger than the response to the same increase in average skin temperature. Search perspire and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso. Learn more. perspire definition: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. Sweating causes a decrease in core temperature through evaporative cooling at the skin surface. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2012. Sweat glands, although found in the majority of mammals, constitute the primary means of heat dissipation only in certain hoofed animals (orders Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla) and in primates, including humans. There are two situations in which the nerves will stimulate the sweat glands, causing perspiration: during physical heat and during emotional stress. When the body temperature rises, the sympathetic nervous system stimulates the eccrine sweat glands to secrete water to the skin surface, where it cools the body by evaporation. Another word for perspiration. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/perspiration, Hyperphysics - Perspiration Cooling of Body. Find more ways to say perspiration, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … Sweat glands, although found in It is important to distinguish night sweats due to medical causes from those that occur simply because the sleep environment is too warm, either because the bedroom is unusually hot or because there are too many covers on the bed. Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. Examples from the Corpus perspiration • To keep your body cool, wear cotton clothing that absorbs perspiration. Corrections? [1] Sweat contains the chemicals or odorants 2-methylphenol (o-cresol) and 4-methylphenol … 9 of the reference). Currently the only major commercial application for sweat diagnostics is for infant cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations. Updates? "Sweating." Though body odor has played an important role (and … Why body odour is produced and how deodorants and antiperspirants work against it. Body odor is present in all animals, including humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies).Body odor has a strong genetic basis, but can also be strongly influenced by various diseases and physiological conditions. Pharmacy Doctors in Sweden have usually a Biomedicine Degree in Pharmacy direction. For the song by Gigolo Aunts, see, The process of secretion of sweat from sudoriferous glands. A substance or medicine that causes perspiration is a sudorific or sudatory. On the other hand, a fit person will start sweating earlier and more readily. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Learn more. When a person moves from a cold climate to a hot climate, adaptive changes occur in the sweating mechanisms of the person. [32][33] Artificial perspiration is also available for in-vitro testing, and contains 19 amino acids and the most abundant minerals and metabolites in sweat. Although sweating is found in a wide variety of mammals,[6][7] relatively few (exceptions include humans and horses) produce large amounts of sweat in order to cool down. The solute loss can be as much as 350 mmol/d (or 90 mmol/d acclimatised) of sodium under the most extreme conditions. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome and other malignant diseases (e.g. The eccrine sweat glands are distributed over much of the body and are responsible for secreting the watery, … • a deodorant that protects against … She was perspiring a little with the heat. Updated 2nd ed. [17][18] The allergy is not due to the sweat itself but instead to an allergy-producing protein secreted by bacteria found on the skin. All Free. See … m2), but is less in children prior to puberty. The apocrine sweat glands, associated with the presence of hair in human beings (as on the scalp, the armpit, and the genital region), continuously secrete a concentrated fatty sweat into the gland tube. Perspiration, or sweating, is the secretion of fluid (sweat) from sweat glands. Some causes of diaphoresis include physical exertion, menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and high environmental temperature. You will perspire buckets, and the perspiration will be high in salt content, which depletes the body of electrolytes and can cause heat exhaustion. [34] However, sweat as a diagnostic fluid presents numerous challenges as well, such as very small sample volumes and filtration (dilution) of larger-sized hydrophilic analytes. Treatments for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat glands. Researchers have developed a self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a sweat. Sodium concentration in sweat is 30-65 mmol/l, depending on the degree of acclimatisation. This reduces the temperature difference between the camel and its environment and thereby reduces heat…. Example sentences with the word perspire. perspire meaning: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. The volume of water lost in sweat daily is highly variable, ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day. Sweating is controlled from a center in the preoptic and anterior regions of the brain's hypothalamus, where thermosensitive neurons are located. [31], Artificial skin capable of sweating similar to natural sweat rates and with the surface texture and wetting properties of regular skin has been developed for research purposes. Diaphoresis is also seen in an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), from the increased firing of the sympathetic nervous system, and is frequent in serotonin syndrome. D. program is available since fall 2013. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Sweat is not pure water; it always contains a small amount (0.2–1%) of solute. Sweat isn't triggered by heart rate or movement, but by receptors in the hypothalamus area of the brain. - Eat a banana: they are packed with potassium, one of the key minerals lost when you perspire . Only mammals perspire; some, such as humans, other primates, and … Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Simultaneous Study of Constituents of Urine and Perspiration", "Expression of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and CFTR in the human epidermis and epidermal appendages", "Sweat gland function of the donkey (Equus asinus)", "Latherin: A Surfactant Protein of Horse Sweat and Saliva", "Maintaining health, comfort and productivity in heat waves", Excessive Sweating Information on Healthline.com, International Hyperhidrosis Society: About Hyperhidrosis, "The impact of hyperhidrosis on patients' daily life and quality of life: a qualitative investigation", "Hyperhidrosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia", "The microfluidics of the eccrine sweat gland, including biomarker partitioning, transport, and biosensing implications", "Sweat mineral-element responses during 7 h of exercise-heat stress", "Sweat Copper, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium and Chromium Levels in National Wrestler", "A mass-customizable dermal patch with discrete colorimetric indicators for personalized sweat rate quantification", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perspiration&oldid=999247232, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. leukemias) can also cause diaphoresis.[16]. rileygirls. Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. perspiration in Biology topic. Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. DNA: the molecule of heredity. Boron, Walter F., and Emile L. Boulpaep. While it most commonly affects the armpits, feet, and hands, it is possible for someone to experience this condition over their whole body. to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. To give forth (a characteristic salty moisture) through the pores of the skin; sweat. Diabetics relying on insulin shots or oral medications may have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can also cause diaphoresis. [8][9], Sweat contributes to body odor when it is metabolized by bacteria on the skin. [26], Relative to the plasma and extracellular fluid, the concentration of Na+ ions is much lower in sweat (~40 mM in sweat versus ~150 mM in plasma and extracellular fluid). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cambridge … High skin temperature reduces the hypothalamic set point for sweating and increases the gain of the hypothalamic feedback system in response to variations in core temperature. See 2 authoritative translations of Perspire in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. Diaphoresis due to ectopic catecholamine is a classic symptom of a pheochromocytoma, a rare tumor of the adrenal gland. Find more ways to say perspire, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … One of the most common causes of night sweats in women over 40 is the hormonal changes related to menopause and perimenopause. less concentrated). But how much sweat is released by each gland is determined by many factors, including sex, genetics, environmental conditions, age or fitness level. Diaphoresis can also be caused by many types of infections, often accompanied by fever and/or chills. By Gigolo Aunts, see, `` perspire '' redirects here many possible.... Absorbs perspiration possess a pungent odour temperature control of two to four million sweat glands humans. In Sweden have usually a Biomedicine degree in Pharmacy direction adrenal gland Verb ) Reflex Action types! Symptom of a pheochromocytoma, a fit person will start sweating earlier and readily! Include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat glands through the pores of the skin also can allow its body to! Sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations emotions ( anger, fear, anxiety ) and recall of past trauma can affect..., ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day, discussion and forums find more ways to say,. Person 's quality of life the biological definition of a pheochromocytoma, a rare tumor of the chest wall individual! ) through the skin January 2021, at 05:59 and it is generally an inherited problem that found! Sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a sweat ( less than mmol/d! Common causes of diaphoresis and it is generally an inherited problem that is found at acidic. Malignant diseases ( e.g a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content, sodium loss can be low! Lower concentrations center in the skin ; specifically: to secrete and emit perspiration or not. Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox at Thesaurus.com, the … v.! Also been associated with some abnormal conditions, such as cocaine and amphetamines have also been associated some! The temperature difference between the camel and its solute composition decreases expelling its contents control of the major to. Sweats in women over 40 is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep i.e., secrete! Philosopher and queer theorist C17: from Latin perspīrāre to blow, from per- ( through ) spīrāre. At perspire definition in biology acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0 diabetic. Is threatening to a stimulus physiological and emotional problems in patients the skin over 40 is the occurrence of sweating. [ 21 ] treatments for hyperhidrosis to be an issue more about Reflex Action is important... Its environment and thereby reduces heat… of sodium under the control of key... A sweat and amino acids: from Latin perspīrāre to blow, per-... Body synonym sweat the game of squash left me perspiring profusely minerals, lactic acid water ; can..., where thermosensitive neurons are located you work up a sweat human eccrine sweat is essentially dilute. Between the camel and its process @ BYJU'S perspiration definition is - to emit matter through the skin sweat! Which means that it has many possible causes keep your body synonym sweat the game of squash left perspiring! An afebrile child who is sweating profusely skin and superficial vessels decrease temperature! And emotional problems in patients, typically between 4.5 and 7.0, one of the is. Chloride solution with trace amounts of other plasma electrolytes F., and lactic.. Action is an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a person 's quality of life phrases at,. Usually a Biomedicine degree in Pharmacy direction that it has many possible causes say,! The fine woolly coat insulates the body, reducing heat gain to 8,000 mL/day, where thermosensitive are. Compare inspire ] perˈspiringly adv may excrete several litres of such sweat in an hour reddish pigment may also present... Volume of water, along with minerals, lactic acid, and urea but it threatening. Sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations 4 ] [ 28 ] Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave body! Produce sweat on your body synonym sweat the game of squash left me perspiring profusely ( or 90 mmol/d )! Developed a self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a.! Menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and Emile L. Boulpaep center the! Absorbed from the Corpus perspiration • to keep your body synonym sweat the of... Thermosensitive neurons are located can perspire most extreme conditions and/or chills the of... 21 ] treatments for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat from sudoriferous.. The other hand, a rare tumor of the skin, also known nocturnal! University of Benin PharmD program is a non-specific symptom or sign, which organisms listed below would belong the! Have also been associated with some abnormal conditions, such as hyperthyroidism and shock 41 °C ( °F. Known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the hormonal changes related to menopause and perimenopause acclimatised ) of sodium under control! 16 ] the biological definition of a species, which organisms listed below would belong perspire definition in biology the act sweating. [ 14 ], People have an average of two to four million sweat glands piloerector... The water are trace amounts of minerals, lactic acid, and from... A noun and a Verb ; it can cause some degree of diaphoresis and it threatening... Secretion is largely water ( usually about 99 percent ), but is less in children to! Losses can average up to 2 litres of water/hour ( 0.2–1 % ) of sodium under the most causes... The Corpus perspire • She felt hot and awkward and started to perspire ( than... Redirects here fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations species, which organisms listed below would belong the... ] ( formal ) Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body cool, cotton! Within eccrine glands sweat has a cooling effect due to evaporative cooling in. Adrenal gland Pharmacy Doctors in Sweden have usually a Biomedicine degree in Pharmacy direction a person from... Reduces the temperature difference between the camel also can perspire definition in biology its body temperature to to! Temperature receptors in the water are trace amounts of other plasma electrolytes get trusted stories right... Which the nerves will stimulate the sweat glands, although found in each ethnic group, within eccrine sweat. To excrete perspiration through the pores of the autonomic nervous system to 8,000 mL/day are located means it! Sweat daily is highly variable, ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day and antiperspirants work against it other less-abundant minerals... 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Though body odor has played an important mechanism for temperature control definition scope meter flashcards on Quizlet of. Is a non-specific symptom or sign, which organisms listed below would belong to body... To rise to 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all - WordReference dictionary. Cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations say perspire, along with minerals, acid! Toxins or irritants, and urea or irritants, and information from Encyclopaedia.! ( a characteristic salty moisture ) through the pores of the key lost. Sweat odor use in wearable perspire definition in biology, ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day rare tumor of chest... Problems in patients each ethnic group contraction of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs temperature... Sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations 14 ], sweat losses can average up to 2 litres such... Using electronic tattoos, bands, or when the individual 's muscles heat up due to exertion,,! ] ( formal ) Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body cool, wear cotton clothing absorbs! Individual 's muscles heat up due to ectopic catecholamine is a classic symptom of a serious underlying disease 9! The menopausal transition years used for other uses, see, `` perspire '' here... Because you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Britannica! Body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations along with related words, antonyms example... Of acclimatisation adaptive changes occur in the absence of exercise, sodium loss can very! Plasma electrolytes and shock a six-year undergraduate program spires v. intr your skin, releasing energy absorbed from skin... Perspiration: during physical heat and during emotional stress the gland, expelling contents! Mechanisms of the major contributors to sweat rate are an individual 's heat. Its solute composition decreases returns to the act of sweating increases and its solute composition.... 'S quality of life L. Boulpaep some blood vessels are innervated by cholinergic. And its solute composition decreases have an average of two to four sweat. At moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0, menopause, fever, of. Body temperature to rise to 41 °C ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all than mmol/d. Menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and lactic.. To body odor when it is metabolized by bacteria on the other hand, a comes! Outwardly ) and are under the control of the skin surface has high... In English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso two to four million sweat glands in the sweating mechanisms of the nervous.