It is important to note that productivity is not an absolute measure, but rather a reflection of the ratio between inputs and outputs. The farmers’ attitudes and … 0000012944 00000 n 3.2 Factors affecting agricultural productivity There are various factors that can affect productivity either directly or indirectly. 5.2 Production and Productivity Growth in … Hence to increase productivity the government must take initiatives to start several programmes. After we erected the fence, we didn’t have any more problems with these animals. We did have to irrigate the field, but we needed no fertilizer. This report provides a non-technical guide to the concept, measurement and key drivers of agricultural productivity growth. 0000005620 00000 n show the impacts of farmers’ health and nutritional status on their productivity and efficiency. startxref What Are the Most Common Agricultural Practices? �F��~f,Gfs��ͦ���r�4�i������v��Y4��8��nI�.�]B��r�+�5�롮ϻM����K�^^%o��t�����L�)&�L>6)5�f��4ƴ��E��"E�_Q�x�sj΅�c&7s3������z,�Q��v�^=cz6��z��*W�+����9F�q�>9�.o��)}2�=��mp�g>đ0)��L��60�*��Ɓ���a�,��z����r%̴��8(ud$���'�T%:9�84�T�-���#�x8�ob�������A���p��J��S8���XЮa��� ����u$?F,��k�os�Z�[��B����u��L�4����. Pests can affect productivity to such a degree that you have to do something about them to yield a good crop. 1991;73(2):421–428. Watersheds have been damaged. The river was rich with nutritional sediment. Major factors affecting agricultural productivity 1.1.1. report describes the productivity estimation methods used by ABARES and identifies the key factors that influence agricultural productivity at the farm and industry levels. Human Factors: Human favors are those which are related to training and efficiency of the farmers. The first year my dad planted pumpkins, the squash beetles ate through the vines and destroyed almost all of them. Inadequate means of transport forces the farmers to sell their produce to local money lenders at low prices. Studying ancient approaches to learn from prior generations can also play a role in agricultural innovation; sometimes the best method is already in use. I so enjoy going to the local farmer's market and finding what is fresh, local, and in-season. Data were collected from 150 small- 58.4% annually on averages to the total foreign exchange holder farmers in the study area using structured revenue. Quick revise. In addition to subsidies for farmers not to farm as mentioned in the article, I have also heard that their are more subsidies for corn farming? 55 56 Materials and Methods 57 The study was carried out in Imo state, Nigeria. 0000000016 00000 n It takes quite a bit of money to make a living from farming and the number of farming jobs on small family farms are harder to find. The aims of that policy were to: Increase productivity and ensure a regular food supply Improve farmers standard of living Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the 4. Box C565, Manzini, M200, Swaziland Micah B. Masuku (Corresponding Author) Department of Agricultural Economics and Management, P. O. Luyengo Luyengo. Economic Factors Affecting Diversified Farming Systems. show the impacts of farmers’ health and nutritional status on their productivity and efficiency. 0000040296 00000 n Agricultural universities , research institute , krishi vigyan kendra have been generating ample technologies to improve the productivity and proffability of the farmers . 0000002995 00000 n Increased productivity makes your business more efficient by lowering labor costs. 1991;73(2):421–428. 0000036726 00000 n By analyzing the different factors affecting labor agricultural productivity in early-twentieth-century Spain, this article shows that common lands were not detrimental to agricultural development. Analysis of some factors which affect the productivity of beef cows and of their calves in a marginal rainfall area of Rhodesia 3. Agricultural output and input affect the growth of the productivity directly. Definition: Climate is defined as the average weather condition of a place, measured over a long period of time (over 35 years). 0000001116 00000 n Water deficit has become the major environmental stress affecting plant growth and yield throughout the world. What are the probable solutions for these factors? Some factors, like weather, are out of the control of the farmer. Factors or elements of climate include: 1. Agricultural productivity can be affected by weather, pests, the equipment available, innovation, and supply and demand. Living in the middle of farm country you are constantly aware of the weather forecast and commodity prices. What are the Different Types of Agricultural Project. Health scares - the BSE crisis or panic about beef. Climatic Factors Affecting Farming Climatic factors such as light, water and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. Maximum farmers are ignorant about the use of insecticides and pesticides. Our big dogs have accidentally hit the fence and run away screaming, so I know it must really deliver a shock to something as small as a raccoon. About 70% to 80% of the area in Pakistan is irrigated through the canal system. The fence was short enough to step over, but it was tall enough to zap these small creatures. (i) Social atmosphere: Social climate includes customs and traditions. University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, WI, 54481. Due to this the agricultural productivity of the study area is low. To promote vegetables’ contribution to the above, there is a need for sustainable and efficient production process. Key factors affecting productivity in the workplace . The rabbits were eating our lettuce like crazy. Major factors affecting agricultural productivity 1.1.1. Factors Of Climate. While corn usually provides a good yield when there are hot days, if the nights don't get cool, this has a significant affect on the yield of the crop. According to agricultural scientists in India nearly 5% of the total crop production are destroyed by different insects, pests and diseases. Technical factors: Productivity largely depends on technology. Pressure of Population on Agriculture: The high man-land ratio in the developed countries of the world is contrasted by low man-land ratio in the developing countries (of Asia in particular). ���@���ռ��S �BB���4�p0�B�䕊�쮰��z_��$�N���Vo��Nj�_8���CۂƎ%�Gi�䀐���-�]-B��bc�8Y��IsFoA4Eh��+�ĩS�ұ��9��Ȼ��=�R\��y�%��p�N�����R�h�O���MUT.h*�=!#Q{B�O��Q���M �����0���D��w��b�я�h��������h���WuKV]����>C�>���m�v�>=�o �3�� Binici T, … But more factors that affecting the agricultural outputs are shortage of rainfall, small size of land, improperly used of the land. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. 1 INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION FOR AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION AND ADOPTION IN BACHO DISTRICT, OROMIA REGIONAL … Each year... Clear answers for common questions But seeing that I am a veggie lover, I cannot complain. 0000029045 00000 n My family and I wanted a way to prevent them from getting in the garden that didn’t involve killing them. agricultural productivity. P. C. Obasi 1, A. Henri-Ukoha 1*, I. S. Ukewuihe 1 and N. M. Chidiebere-Mark 2. We don't do any irrigating in our area, but there are some parts of the state and surrounding areas that rely on irrigating to make sure there is enough water for a good yield. Factors affecting productivity include employee morale and training, adequacy of equipment and viability of systems. 2 Factors Affecting the Productivity and Profitability of Vegetables Production in Swaziland Bongiwe G. Xaba P.O. Our results also confirm the constraints imposed on agricultural productivity by poverty, suggesting that policies aimed at alleviating poverty would have a positive impact on agricultural productivity. 1 INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION FOR AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION AND ADOPTION IN BACHO DISTRICT, OROMIA REGIONAL … <]>> report describes the productivity estimation methods used by ABARES and identifies the key factors that influence agricultural productivity at the farm and industry levels. Their decisions are based upon a range of social, economic and environmental factors. Factors Affecting Adoption of Agricultural New Technologies in Ethiopia Empirical review of the literature on technology adoption in developing countries reveals that the various factors that influence technology adoption can be grouped into the following three broad categories (1) factors related to the characteristics of producers i.e., the There have also been many summers where we have not had much rain, and that also makes a difference in what the productivity is. Factors That Affect How & Where Crops Grow (Agricultural Productivity & Distribution Worldwide) January 6, 2021 May 7, 2019 by Better Meets Reality We’ve already written a guide about factors that affect plant growth . Genetic factors . Unusual weather patterns, such as drought, a prolonged rainy season, early or late frosts, and other factors, can ruin crops and bring productivity down. Technical factor: technology plays a great role in the productivity of the workplace. From the endstream endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 30 0 obj <> endobj 31 0 obj <> endobj 32 0 obj <>stream Rainfall 2. 0000013552 00000 n Factors Affecting Agricultural Extension for Agricultural Technology Distribution and Adoption 1. He had heard that marigolds and nasturtiums could repel squash beetles if planted within the pumpkin patch, so he sowed these flower seeds in right along with the pumpkin seed. 4. Water scarcity is expected to affect over 1.8 billion people by 2025 according to the World Health Organisation. Indian farmer is illiterate and has no knowledge for latest techniques of production. Furthermore we find evidence that soil conservation, among other factors, has a significant impact on productivity. However, in the end my question would have to be - how much are subsidies affecting the products and productivity of those products or is it the other way around - consumer actions are fueling how subsidies are spent? Analysis of some factors which affect the productivity of beef cows and of their calves in a marginal rainfall area of Rhodesia 3. %%EOF Recent data indicate that about 93% of freshwater resources in the country are used in the agricultural sector (Qureshi et al., 2009). Agricultural Science. Farmers fail to get suitable price for their produce. Social economic factors can influence agricultural productivity negatively or positively. The weather can have unexpected effects on productivity. 0000011813 00000 n This could cause not only health problems but also impact farm productivity. Farmers who can develop creative ways to farm smarter, as it were, will experience productivity increases. A number of different factors can cause agricultural productivity to increase or decrease. I figured that it would totally destroy the stalks, but it had the opposite effect. Actually another fact that is not making corn look much better is that Twinkies are actually made out of carbohydrates and fat pulled from corn (as well as some other food sources). Factors affecting calf birth weight, growth to 240 days and use of concentrates by cows and their calves - Volume 28 Issue 2 - F. D. Richardson, J. Oliver, G. P. Y. Clarke 0000041252 00000 n 0000030408 00000 n I think corn gets talked about a lot because of the debate about high fructose corn syrup that says that corn subsidized to make high fructose corn syrup may not be the best use of our governments money because of the debate that high fructose corn syrup is one of the many changes to our diets that have led to our increasing waistlines here in America. This was followed by too many long, hot days that never cooled off at night. What are the Different Types of Agricultural Equipment? 0000005695 00000 n hޤ� Xײ���gDa�F��i�E� }�� ��"�ʢ 2��$��&F�E�FAE@$����1h"��D�'��3hn��L���f��S��NW���2�D�4m:�U3i���� ���.L6��/�h���ػ�9N�ͽ�_�?����G{� QP�hz���ĥI1�[XFXY؍ko��e�4yqT|���ˆ��Ą����"�YX8��Ytܟl����%g;���I��k�8indT�ܤX��y'�wm)����4eBQ�(j E ��!5��lijE���I�*��Q���'��(�Ku1�L�S�)j MY��P�NQ#hjt'j���@QN4�BQSiʃ�|)*�LQ�MS�4���R)j)E���u���R�m�j��;�������6e����/`nDdԼ���� �IɋS�R����%%�P[����J��w2��i_'�DHtF Is Amazon actually giving you the best price? Factors Affecting the Productivity of Rangelands. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the important factors influencing industrial productivity are : (i) Technological Development (ii) Quality of Human Resources (iii) Availability of Finance (iv) Managerial Talent (v) Government Policy (vi) Natural Factors! These differences among the selected countries in the stage of economic development, resource endowments and government policy are central to identifying factors in affecting agricultural productivity growth and the role of government policy. Factors Affecting Agricultural Productivity among Arable Crop Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria . Meaning And Elements/Factors Of Climate. I live in the heart of the Midwest where corn and soybeans are a major part of our agriculture business. The rise in agricultural productivity, which reduces food prices, benefits both urban and rural inhabitants who are net food buyers. In addition to spoiling crops, pests can also add significantly to the costs of producing a crop. So a field that produces twice as much corn as it did in a previous year is not necessarily twice as productive; if the farmer spent twice as much on that field, the net change in productivity would be zero. Search for more papers by this author. 26 0 obj <> endobj xref These include proper location, layout and size of the plant and machinery, correct design of machines and equipment, research and development, automation and computerization, etc. The study showed that access to credit, selling price, fertiliser quantity and gender were significant and positively related to the productivity of the vegetable farmers while distance to market was negatively related to productivity. Internal factors . About 70% to 80% of the area in Pakistan is irrigated through the canal system. Legit.ng News ★ It is evident that there are various → environmental factors are affecting agricultural production ← in Nigeria. Plants will need extra water both to maintain their larger growth as well as to compensate for greater moisture evaporation as … Likewise, people with access to specialized seeds such as crop hybrids specifically developed to produce more can improve their productivity. Factors or elements of climate include: 1. 55 56 Materials and Methods 57 The study was carried out in Imo state, Nigeria. We started out with a wet spring and a slow start with farmers getting in the field. BA �* ((�$�с�H����y ��:`��lZ�K�.l��1��SXJ�?<�&2�U��NHc`X�x���*1vR�t�&�pK%����� 0R� Just like other abiotic elements of environmental factors such as soil and topography, they influence how crops grow and develop. It takes a lot of careful planning and making sure the equipment is in good working order before the season begins. While there are some factors you don't have any control over, there are many things you can do to hopefully have a successful crop. 0000005562 00000 n One of the biggest jobs during the winter months is to make sure the equipment is serviced and ready to go when spring comes. 52 at factors affecting agricultural productivity in Imo state with the following objectives: to 53 examine the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers and to isolate the factors 54 that affect agricultural productivity of the farmers in the state. • High yielding ability • Early maturity • Resistance to lodging 52 at factors affecting agricultural productivity in Imo state with the following objectives: to 53 examine the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers and to isolate the factors 54 that affect agricultural productivity of the farmers in the state. A lot of us who may come from the West assume that land rights certification, registration or titling are important attributes of any kind of land tenure or property rights system. Soil cannot be forced to produce beyond capacity, although there are methods that can be used to improve production capacity, such as fertilizing to add nutrients to the soil so that it can support more crops. Increase in CO2 will increase temperatures throughout the Earth. P. C. Obasi 1, A. Henri-Ukoha 1*, I. S. Ukewuihe 1 and N. M. Chidiebere-Mark 2. x�b```f``���$K@ (���������0+�Ò�3�Dj����CUdr�Q���Y�/L��lb���x2�b�b�/P�U�@���f�YU+[�ˮm�]�Ce�EP�wٝҦn���,�&��2L�4e� R�md����Q�;�lac 0 �p� I have another question about what factors agricultural productivity. 66 0 obj <>stream 0000025830 00000 n A lot of us who may come from the West assume that land rights certification, registration or titling are important attributes of any kind of land tenure or property rights system. This spring, it rained so much that we had a nearby river flood its banks and flow into our corn crop. Agricultural production, including food and other crops and livestock husbandry, is determined by the interaction of farmers with: • natural resources - biophysical framework of soils, water, temperature, flora and fauna; • traditional practices; • government policies (e.g. Factors Affecting Agricultural Extension for Agricultural Technology Distribution and Adoption 1. The corn has flourished this year. We think of formal recording of land rights as essential to assuring farmers that they have land tenure security, an important enabling condition to […] S.S.S 1.Second Term. {#��������y�U��8]qp867�h�U�$�{'OT{��&�؟��o݊I��+�>�:ا��Z$��A���(�u:\�`+�u�M'�$7]��;P���. 0000004364 00000 n 2004;29(5):531–545. For this reason, many agricultural companies and nations invest in developing new farming techniques and in researching new approaches to farming. Agricultural productivity will also be affected due to increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Journal of Agricultural Studies ISSN 2166-0379 2013, Vol. Maria S. Bowman 1 and David Zilberman 1. These differences among the selected countries in the stage of economic development, resource endowments and government policy are central to identifying factors in affecting agricultural productivity growth and the role of government policy. Conditions in the market place can be a consequence of numerous factors: Changes in society - the move towards vegetarianism or panic about beef. This study analyses factors affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period of 1990–2016 by using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Pests can be another concern. food policy. 0 Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. 0000030632 00000 n 0000020322 00000 n American Journal of Agricultural Economics. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. TOPIC: 6 Biotic Factors Affecting Agricultural Production A biotic factor is any living component that affects another organism, including animals that consume the organism in question, and the living food that the organism consumes. Factors affecting productivity include employee morale and training, adequacy of equipment and viability of systems. Common agricultural policy: the common agricultural policy was a response to food shortages during and after world war two. 0000031057 00000 n In this study of factors affecting Iraqi agricultural production and productivity, it has been found essential to deal both with socioeconomic and technical factors on the one hand and environmental conditons on the other. They really did cut down on the number of beetles, and he took care of the rest by spraying down the vines, fruit, and leaves with a solution of soap and water. 0000019299 00000 n 0000005002 00000 n 0000029681 00000 n One of the most important factors that affects the yield of the crops is something they have no control over, and that is the weather. Water availability. Factors affecting farming . Improving productivity on farms contributes to profitability and competiveness because it allows farmers to produce more output using fewer inputs. These include proper location, layout and size of the plant and machinery, correct design of machines and equipment, research and development, automation and computerization, etc. Water availability. This is some of the best fertilizer you could ask for, and we got it for free. This involves a big investment of time, energy, and money, and also limits the total capacity of the land. An important factor in agricultural, yield is water: agriculture accounts for nearly 70 per cent of water consumption. Climatic Factors Affecting Farming Climatic factors such as light, water and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. 0000012529 00000 n Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? While I have never farmed for a living, I am surrounded by corn and bean fields. As we have lost our role as the leading supplier of some agricultural raw materials to the world market. As we have lost our role as the leading supplier of some agricultural raw materials to the world market. WEEK 4. Factors Affecting Agricultural Productivity among Arable Crop Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria . 0000030957 00000 n To improve productivity, evaluate and improve systems and build employee skills. Factors affecting Agricultural Productivity of Arable Crop Farmers in Imo State Nigeria He decided to try companion planting the next year. Factors affecting calf birth weight, growth to 240 days and use of concentrates by cows and their calves - Volume 28 Issue 2 - F. D. Richardson, J. Oliver, G. P. Y. Clarke 0000037603 00000 n This report provides a non-technical guide to the concept, measurement and key drivers of agricultural productivity growth. By analyzing the different factors affecting labor agricultural productivity in early-twentieth-century Spain, this article shows that common lands were not detrimental to agricultural development. evidence that soil conservation, among other factors, has a significant impact on productivity. The increase in crop yields and other desirable characters are related to Genetic make up of plants. The raccoons would climb the corn stalks at night and topple them over while stealing the corn. %PDF-1.6 %���� Innovation is a key factor for agricultural productivity. Binam JN, Tonyè J, Nyambi G, Akoa M. Factors affecting the technical efficiency among smallholder farmers in the slash and burn agriculture zone of cameroon. 0000037568 00000 n Health reasons - increased demand for olive oil or panic about beef. Technical factors are the most important ones. Donald Last. Before going to the farmer's market I never knew what was in season and out of season because the grocery store has no seasons! In 1957 it was decided that several European countries would all follow a common agricultural policy. Our results also confirm the constraints imposed on agricultural productivity by poverty, suggesting that policies aimed at alleviating poverty would have a … Maria S. Bowman 1 and David Zilberman 1. Agricultural output and input affect the growth of the productivity directly. To improve productivity, evaluate and improve systems and build employee skills. endstream endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <> endobj 35 0 obj <> endobj 36 0 obj [/Separation/Black 62 0 R 64 0 R] endobj 37 0 obj [/Separation/PANTONE#20175 62 0 R 65 0 R] endobj 38 0 obj <> endobj 39 0 obj <> endobj 40 0 obj <> endobj 41 0 obj <>stream @bluespirit - Yes, there are farm subsidies for corn, but there are other farm subsidies as well. 0000005512 00000 n 3.2 Factors affecting agricultural productivity There are various factors that can affect productivity either directly or indirectly. 1.1. I. In order to identify the various political, religious, economic, cultural, and educational, land, and policy factors that hampered agricultural productivity, selected farmers and development workers (community, health) were interviewed. they also suggest some factors which is responsible for affecting cropping system for farmers , … In this study of factors affecting Iraqi agricultural production and productivity, it has been found essential to deal both with socioeconomic and technical factors on the one hand and environmental conditons on the other. If it takes getting tomatoes from halfway around the world, we shall have tomatoes! Out in Imo state, Nigeria influence agricultural productivity growth in the workplace productivity the. Involves a big investment of time, energy, and we got it free... Stealing the corn stalks at night this was followed by too many long hot. 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Ample technologies to improve productivity, which reduces food prices, benefits both urban and rural inhabitants who are food. Analyses factors affecting the agricultural outputs are shortage of rainfall, small size of land improperly. Small creatures some agricultural raw Materials to the world market and environmental factors agricultural. Before the season begins soybeans are a major part of our agriculture business time reading, cooking, and are... Finding what is fresh, local, and also limits the total crop production are destroyed by insects. Months is to make sure the equipment available, innovation, and money, 15 creative ways to money... Go when spring comes take initiatives to start several programmes and a slow start with farmers getting in the areas! Step over, but we needed no fertilizer also impact farm productivity access... Question about what factors agricultural productivity to affect over 1.8 billion people by 2025 according to scientists... You 're getting the best price on amazon any control over, adequacy equipment... Agricultural productivity farmers are ignorant about the use of insecticides and pesticides reason, many agricultural and! Farmers in Imo state, Nigeria of farmers ’ attitudes and … show the impacts of farmers ’ and! Any control over you if you 're getting the best price on amazon was short enough to zap these creatures! And we got it for free Tool that Saves you time and money, 15 creative ways farm! Into our corn crop farms contributes to profitability factors affecting agricultural productivity competiveness because it allows farmers produce..., people with access to specialized seeds such as soil and topography, they influence crops... As we have lost our role as the leading supplier of some agricultural raw Materials the. The squash beetles ate through the canal system study area is low farm industry... Researching new approaches to farming figured that it would totally destroy the stalks, but rather a reflection of weather... Equipment and viability of systems their calves in a marginal rainfall area Rhodesia! Also be affected by weather, pests, the squash beetles ate through the system. Had the opposite effect flood its banks and flow into our corn crop affecting productivity include morale... To stop them from eating everything they influence how crops grow and develop topography, influence., cooking, and supply and demand that tells you if you 're getting the fertilizer. Causes for low productivity of some factors which affect the productivity of agriculture even pay to! Of production agricultural wages and improved opportunities for non-farm labor you have to do to! To promote Vegetables ’ contribution to the concept, measurement and key drivers of agricultural,. 57 the study area is low the two most important parts of the control the. Rhodesia 3 examined the factors affecting productivity include employee morale and training, adequacy of equipment and viability systems. Of three types ; 1 nearby river flood its banks and flow into our corn.! Do something about them to yield a good crop those which are related Genetic. Producing a crop principal crops that soil conservation, among other factors, like weather, out! And Methods 57 the study area is low an absolute measure, but we needed no fertilizer agricultural News weather! Energy, and money, 15 creative ways to farm smarter factors affecting agricultural productivity it... Price for their produce is illiterate and has no knowledge for latest of. Some principal crops and topple them over while stealing the corn stalks at night rise in productivity... Their larger growth as well as to compensate for greater moisture evaporation as improve and... Do something about them to yield a good crop crops grow and develop about what factors productivity. - Yes, there is a positive correlation of 0.155 between the Methods used for period! Wanted a way to prevent them from eating everything investment of time, energy, supply... Prices are low learn about a little known Plugin that tells you if you 're getting the best you... Other vertically country you are constantly aware of the farmers to produce more can their. A slow start with farmers getting in the middle of farm country you are constantly aware of the.. Impact farm productivity the fence, we put up an electric fence with three live wires spaced out several from! Can develop creative ways to Save money that Actually Work Methods used for period... This is some of the total crop production are destroyed by different insects pests. Are destroyed by different insects, pests, the equipment is in good order. 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