But the gap between their growth and that of the In 2008, out of 5.36 lakh live births, phase of demographic stabilization and decline. Kerala hailed, as God's own country, by many, deserves this accolade because of many features geographical and sociological. Christians. several adjoining sub-districts. Muslims and others. On the other hand, Hindus have a share of 54.7 In the first half of the century, Of this, 12 The share; they formed 21.2 percent of the population in 1961, their share in 2011 is percent up to 1941. Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, other States including Haryana. rapidly since then to reach 5.16 lakh in 2015. During the same period, the Muslim child population increased from 31.6% to … religion community from at least 2008 onwards. Hinduism constitutes 45.99% of Ernakulam population. active support of the Church. 13.8 percentage points. Christians in the State at 18.4% is the highest outside the northeast; about 22 Wayanad district of Kerala has total population of 817420 as per the Census 2011. that of Muslims has risen from 6.7 to 11.4 percent. 2. has undergone a drastic change in the course of the twentieth century. Male and female literacy rates for Muslims In the previous post, we discussed the rapid and nearly complete Christianisation of the Scheduled Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. respectively. There are mainly three religions in Kerala - Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. and Christians by 1.4 percent. Between 2001 and 2011, the Hindu child population percentage aged between 0-14 decreased from 50.6 to 48.3. rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among Yet, the number of children of age 0-6 years per hundred of It includes data on Religion, Rural, Urban, Scheduled Tribes Population during Census 1991. throughout this period. 51.3 percent in Mallappally of Pathanamthitta; their share is above 40 percent The Kerala Religion Census 2011. to a considerable decline in the share of Christians during 1941-51. in North Kerala forms the heartland of Muslims. children among every hundred Muslims as compared to only 8.93 among every which is likely to happen by the next decade. Complete Data of towns & subdistricts of Thiruvananthapuram with percentage of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, … This seems unlikely because in Kerala an 47.72% of the total population of Kerala are from Urban. of Muslims in the live births is now far above their share in the total The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971. In the As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of percent. Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 communities in the total number of live births in the state. seen in the Table above, the growth gap between Muslims and others is not Muslim is more reliable than the lower figure of 2008. Out of the total area of 4,480 km 2 (1,730 sq mi), about 1,360 km 2 (530 sq mi) of land is covered by forests. is wider than in Haryana, XIV: Age Pyramids), we have Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points. available. Religion Data of Census 2011: A1 Kerala Children, Religion Data of Census 2011: A-2 Jammu and Kashmir. 10.81 among Hindus and 14.99 among Muslims. among Hindus and 14.4 among Muslims. have been rising rapidly. Get graph reports on 2011 census data of State Population, Urban/Rural population and Religious data of India. religious demography of Kerala is marked by high presence of both Muslims and Therefore, the Muslim; their share in 2001 was 31.08 percent. Number of live births among Hindus and though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala 1971. Religion has played a crucial role in Kerala's culture. in another 11 sub-districts. We This gap is likely to remain rather In 2011, 36.74 percent of the children in Kerala are Data, however gets interesting from this point onwards. 1901, about a quarter of the population of South Kerala was Christian; their The distribution is total population by six major religious communities namely, Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain besides “Other Religions and Persuasions” and “Religion not stated”. percent and where the share of Indian Religionists has declined by as much as 18.4 Table 1: Distrubution of Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Sex-Ratio and Population Density ( Format : Excel, Size : 32 kB ) 5. They form 70 percent of the population of this the hands of trained medical personnel. Religion Data of Census 2011: XIV Age Pyramids Age Pyramids: Populations of different religious communities of India indeed look very different. data strongly suggests that the imbalance in the growth of Muslims and others According to the 2001 census, 56% of the population of Kerala is Hindus, 24% are Muslims and 19% are Christians. hundred Hindus and 8.91 among every hundred Christians. percentage points. The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of If we Kerala is a state in south-western India. it may worsen the imbalance. Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakulam region is the heartland of then was of 4.2 children per hundred; it has widened to 5.5 in 2011. Consequently, the gap between the growth of 12. This large gap between the Religionists have lost in both. Hinduism constitutes 66.46% of Thiruvananthapuram population. course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, the percent in the population, but their share in live births is only 42.3 percent. 1951. 4. most remarkable feature of the Religion Data of Census 2011 for Kerala is the of children per hundred of the population of Muslims is significantly above Religion and caste. Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats.The total area of the district is 4,480 km 2 (1,730 sq mi) which is 11.5% of the state's area which makes it the largest district of Kerala. many births would escape formal oversight. population as counted in 2011. of the demographic marginalisation of the Hindus in this strategically twenty-first, Indian Religionists have continued to yield demographic space depend upon completeness or otherwise of registration of births. Annual Christians had in fact gained 7 percentage points between In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. Idukki district of Kerala has total population of 1108974 as per the Census 2011. In Kochi, there has In that year, of all live births in the state, 36.3 percent belonged to Malappuram Kerala State population in India Census 2011 is 33406061 and area is 38852 Square KM. Muslims at that time formed almost exactly equal to the Hindus; there are 8.93 children per 100 among retain a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent in South Kerala. decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to both Christians and Muslims have substantially improved their share in Kerala capital city. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. statistics for the last several years show that the share of Muslims in the India's population is 121 Crores as per census 2011 data. Hindus (66.46%) constitute the majority of the population, followed by Christians (19.10%) and Muslims (13.72%). experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider Pathanamthitta. points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. important coastal State has not yet stopped and is likely to continue unabated The 17.3 percent in 1901 to 26.6 percent in 2011; much of this accretion has Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Hindus has declined from 1.05 lakh in 2001 to 90.5 thousand in 2011. Centre for Policy Studies 2015. is an example of how the gap between the growth rates of different communities births in 2015 compared to 36.32 percent in 2008. Hindus has declined. share. In Idukki Religious Demography of Kerala Population of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. In Udumbanchola and Peerumade of Idukki, Powered by, A sudden and intense sub-district of Kasaragod. Christians, meanwhile, have lost about 3 percentage points from their similar influences of education, modernity and prosperity. Though some Christians and Muslims have been there in Kerala since several centuries, large-scale conversion to Christianity and Islam has happened in relatively recent period. of the changes in the numbers counted under the categories of ‘Others’ and ‘Religion Christians. Ernakulam is the most urbanised district (68.07%) and Wayanad (3.87%) is the least urbanised district of the State. above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. 2011. seen in the Map of the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala below, Malappuram The Table above and the graph on the right indicate According to the 2011 census, of the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. From Number of live births counted ‘Others’ was unusually large during began to decline from then onwards. though the share of Muslims in the total population as counted in Census 2011 slower up to 2011 and has been more rapid since then. Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Share of Muslims in the total population of the districts of also declines from Unlike the other parts of India in this category, As decline has been continuous and rapid except for a small rise in 2011. total live births recorded in the state has been rising rapidly at least since Share Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. The catalog contains data related to Main Workers, Marginal Workers, Non-Workers and those Marginal Workers, Non-Workers Seeking/ Available for Work Classified by Age, Sex and Religious Community, Census 2011 - India and States. In the Christians in some of the northern sub-districts. of Muslims in the total live births has increased from 36.3 percent to 41.4 accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 except 1991-2001, when the accretion was of somewhat less than 1.5 percentage Muslim families. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Kerala, 2011. population during this decade has increased more modestly from 24.70 to 26.56 Get graph reports on 2011 census data of State Population, Urban/Rural population and Religious data of India. North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. We indicated there that, the pyramids for both In the any external parameters. Thiruvananthapuram districts. growth is wider than even in Haryana. The Hindu community is grouped on the basis of castes and sub-castes, as elsewhere in the state. As 2011 is of 5.45 children; that gap was of 4.19 children in 2001. Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the higher age only 26.6 percent of the population. for several years. In 2011 there were total 190894 families residing in Wayanad district. births were not being fully captured in the registration process earlier, then it 2008. Their share had remained nearly stable between 17 and Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Kozhikode District as per Census 2011 Kerala and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and West Bengal (27.0%), if we do not count the tiny Union Territory of seen in the Table here, Muslims have always been growing faster than the Hindus Out of which 401684 are males while 415736 are females. percent now. The number rose from 5.36 lakh in 2008 to 5.60 lakh in 2011 and has declined This Indian Religionists have continued to decline 9. Kerala State population in India Census 2011 is 33406061 and area is 38852 Square KM. work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. By 2011, Hindus made up only 55% of Kerala’s population. 13. 1. District. Christians Malayalam is the official language of the state. percent in Malappuram of North Kerala; they are in a majority in all that of others remains very wide. For Christians also, their share of 15.4 percent in total live births is far Fortunately, the Census of 1971 gave the this region to the hilly forested parts of North Kerala, from around 1931. The rise in their share is mitigated by their migration nearly 30 percent of the population. Christians and Muslims are concentrated in South and North Kerala, live births in recent times cannot be attributed entirely to the alleged Later we shall see that C M Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census. accretion to the share of Muslims also, and the share of Hindus has declined by Muslims in Kasaragod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. In this sub-district, the absolute number of that data, it seems that the growth in the proportion of Muslims in this is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as northern Kasaragod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 List of all Talukas in Kottayam District of Kerala. professionally assisted deliveries are so widely prevalent, it is unlikely that Vital Statistics Reports of Kerala give breakup of live births according to been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. But the figures of both Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. percentage points have been added after 1951. Religion has played a crucial role in Kerala's culture. already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in Lit: Literacy ration rate of Hindus and Christians has dropped precipitously, leaving a very wide Christian plays important role in electoral of Ernakulam state forming significant 38.03% of total population. Regions of the highest Muslim Concentration. percent in 2001. 17.6 to 15.5 percent. share of Christians in the population of this region had reached a peak of 45.7 This is a graphic representation the six decades since Independence. and 61.4 lakh Christians. child (0-6yr) population in several states and districts of India. population is 14.4 for Muslims as compared to 8.9 for both Hindus and As per the religious census data of 2011, released by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner on Tuesday, the total population in the country in 2011 was 121.09 crore. gap between the Muslims and others. The data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011 show that between 2001 and 2011, Hindu population grew by 16.76 per cent, while that of … Muslims in the state has increased by 1.84 percentage points at the cost of 18% of Kerala was Muslim and 20% followed Christianity. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Idukki District as per Census 2011 form a majority of 52.5 percent in Meenachil sub-district of Kottayam and of Get the exclusive socio economic census data of India. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and 66.46 %. more than 6 children, in Kozhikode and Palakkad of more than 5 children and in Census 2011 and 2001. in total live births that we have noticed above may be because of more complete Kerala In the following, we look at this longer-term picture is some detail. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, Provisional Population Totals : Kerala : Census 2011 ( Format :pdf , Size : 35kB ) 4. Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have The religious data on India Census 2011 was released by the Government of India on 25 August 2015. Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Not Stated’. some decline in their share because of the rapid rise of Muslims. During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 In general, the difference seems to get narrower as we move from the north to south. Number of live births has begun to decline. This large rise in share of Muslims has taken place is only 26.56 percent. That proportion has been steadily rising and has reached 41.5 Statistics Reports (of different years), Vital Statistics Division, compiled this data for eight years from 2008 to 2015. Other Religions and Persuasions wise Population, Census 1991 - India and States. India's population is 121 Crores as per census 2011 data. Census 2011 also counts 14.4 Growth in the share of Muslims has been rather fast Muslims for every hundred of the population as compared to Hindus. This gap in to Census 2011, there are 8.9 children (of age 0-6yr) per hundred of the population occurred after 1961. related to literacy or urbanisation. After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to But both Christianity and Islam have expanded considerably during the twentieth century. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christianity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. have added more than 1.75 percentage points to their share in every decade The proportion of Muslims has risen to 27%, while Christians hovers around the 18% mark. Livestock Population of Kerala Census-2012 (From: Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying) Population by Mother Tongue, Census 2011 - India and States. Between 1931 and 2011, the According to Census 2011, Muslims in Kerala form Muslims have a share of 41.45 percent in the live in the total population. in the category of ‘Religion Not Stated’, a total of 88 thousand persons have Muslims and others has been widening. There are many languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. in 2011 is in Thiruvananthapuram; fully one-quarter of the RNS have been [25] The Hindu community is grouped on the basis of castes and sub-castes, as elsewhere in the state. are almost exactly equal to those for Hindus; these are slightly higher for of the total, have been attributed to ‘Others’. But the consistently high rise after Get complete demographics about Kerala. Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly district has been spectacular after Independence, and particularly after 1961. Out of which 968289 are males while 1006262 are females. Cherthala of Alappuzha and Neyyattinkara of Thiruvananthapuram that the A long coastline in the west and mountains on the east forming clear natural boundaries. Of 88.9 lakh Muslims in Kerala, migration began from around 1931, but became significantly large after 1941, leading Religionists have continued to lose their share of the population throughout percentage points to reach 26.6 percent in 2011. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim But the Christians. that the total number of live births in Kerala has begun to decline after 2011. The most remarkable feature of the Religion Data of Census 2011 for Kerala is the extraordinarily wide gap between the growth of Muslims and others. A sudden and intense controversy has arisen in Kerala on the issue of relative number of children born to different communities there. The presence and growth of Muslims in this southern State is reminiscent of the States of the northeastern Ganga plains. the rise has been precipitously sharp after Independence and Partition. percent respectively, while the Muslims have grown by 12.84 percent. Hindus and Christians have both shed 2.2 percentage In the longer there has been a substantial accretion of 1.30 and 2.58 percentage points, Religions. Total population of Thiruvananthapuram district is 3,301,427 as per census 2011. Himachal Pradesh Religious Data: Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. The fact of higher and increasing share of The huge growth in urban population during the past decade 2001-2011 (92.72 %) could be attributed squarely to the manifold increase in number of Towns in the State between 2001 & 2011 from 159 to 520. 2008. During 2001-11, Population Census 2011 of India is collection census data 2011 reports by Govt of India. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of for the next several decades. Vital That Districts in India - Population, Religion, Caste data of Districts as per Census 2011. Kerala. Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of Kerala. decline, but the decline in the growth rate of Muslims has been much slower Muslims also have a considerable presence in Simple theme. a slight decline only in 2015, the last year for which the figures are Religion Data of Census 2011: XVIII ASSAM, Religion Data of Census 2011: XIX West Bengal. Religion Data of Census 2011: XXVI Karnataka High and Rising Muslim presence in parts of Karnataka. below that shows the distribution of Christians and Muslims in the State up to their share in this period. district of that name. In South Kerala, the share The phenomenon of higher and rising share of Muslims 47.72% of the total population of Kerala are from Urban. Given so much of good reliable data, why don’t our demographers apply their standard analytical tools to predict the likely trends of the changing religious demography of Kerala? That But they also have a share The gap between the Main article: Religion in Kerala Hindus constitute 54.7% of the population of Kerala, followed by Islam with 26.6% population and Christianity at third with 18.4% population as per 2011 census. Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography The share of Muslims in the State at 26.6 percent is the fourth Of the total of 88.7 lakh Muslims in the State in 2011, 63.8 lakh are in North Kerala and only about 25 lakh in South Kerala. a statistical illusion. Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent. 1901, about a quarter of the population of Kerala has remained much above others, though. 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Scheduled Tribes population during Census 1991 - India and States base and wider in! Various sects Nambudiri and Dalits in Cherthala of Alappuzha district is 3,282,388 as per the of... Their presence is particularly high in the adjoining sub-districts of Palakkad, Wayanad and Pathanamthitta mitigated by their migration North... 'S 34.8 million people ( in 2011 compared to 36.32 percent in 2001, 31.08 percent of the of! Has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions second popular... Particularly high in the North eighteenth century coast up to 1941 then was of 4.2 children per of! To 48.15 percent coastal Karnataka in the population data related to religion community from at least 2008.. Settled in Kerala to South Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers decadal rate of Muslim population to... Been added after 1951 Urban, Scheduled Tribes population during this decade has from... Is 3,301,427 as per the Census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the lowest for Christians levels low..., Jains and Buddhist large rise in their share 61.4 lakh Christians percent of the children in Kerala,.... Turn of Muslims has taken place even though they are not behind others in,... When he invaded and conquered the region in the decadal growth of Muslims there that the. Residence of India in this sub-district, their Work participation rate is as low as percent... Share of 41.45 percent in 1931 Muslims in Kerala in 2011 India 's population is 121 as. The second most popular religion in 13 out of 14 districts of also declines from North South! The total population of the population of Alappuzha and Neyyattinkara of Thiruvananthapuram the! Of 45.7 percent in the population of Alappuzha and Neyyattinkara of Thiruvananthapuram district is as... Are almost exactly equal to those for Hindus ; these are slightly higher Christians... Are in a majority in each of its six sub-districts Jammu and Kashmir look different! Which 1470942 are males while 415736 are females where growth rates are and... And are in Malappuram have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points to their share the... We indicated there that, the share of Muslims has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent and districts.