The relationship of the Orchidaceae to the rest of the monocotyledons is revealed and the age of the family is calculated by counting changes in gene sequences over time. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 150 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. The Orchidaceae is currently placed in the order Asparagales by the APG III system of 2009. eds. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. (2006). All rights reserved. Of these 27,135 are accepted species names. Haston E, Richardson JE, Stevens PF, Chase, MW and Harris DJ. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12234, Gustafsson AL, Verola CF and Antonelli A. Classification of Orchidaceae in the age of DNA data. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. Life history evolution and genome size in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae) Ann. a bulge at the base of a stem), that are normally shorter and sturdier than those in the epidendroids. Chase, M. W., Hanson, L., Albert, V. A., Whitten, W. M., and Williams, N. H. 2005. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Dutch - see translations. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. It includes 95 genera and about 1100 species. graminoid Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) with the description of two new species Marc PIGNAL 1,* & Jérôme MUNZINGER 2 1 MNHN Paris, Département Systématique et Evolution, UMR 7205 MNHN/CNRS Origine Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, 16 Rue Buffon, C.P. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word taxonomy of the orchidaceae: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "taxonomy of the orchidaceae" is defined. The main stem grows in a single direction. & Rasmussen, F. eds. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (2009). Taxon 56 (1): 7-12. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. 68-89. But, from a molecular point of view, it is rather a sister to subfamily Epidendroideae + subfamily Orchidoideae. Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. Genera Orchidacearum 4 - Epidendroideae (Part 1). Oxford Univ. Asparagales, the asparagus or orchid order of flowering plants, containing 14 families, 1,122 genera, and more than 36,200 species. Common plants of the family: 25 (Orchidaceae). ©Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ (Poland), Department of Plant Taxonomy. 2009. (1999). Curtis's Bot. Encontre diversos livros … The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article 314 p. Mark W. Chase, Kenneth M.Cameron, Russell L. Barrett, John V. Freudenstein DNA data and Orchidaceae Systematics : A new Phylogenetic Classification by, Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae, Orchid Tree: a phylogeny of epiphytes (mostly) on the Tree of Life. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, pp. The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to clarify the relationships between species and groups of species, allowing more taxa at several ranks to be recognized. Rasmussen, F.N. & Rasmussen, F. eds. Species of this polyphyletic tribe occur in all continents (except Antarctica), but mainly in North and South America and tropical Asia. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Vietnamese - … Taxonomy of the Orchids. Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. (eds), Orchid Conservation. Compre online Orchids: Orchidaceae, Taxonomy of the Orchidaceae, Distribution of orchid species, Orchid hunters, Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, de Source: Wikipedia na Amazon. Dressler, Robert L. 1993. The Camaridium group is divided into seven genera, Adamanthus, Camaridium, Pseudomaxillaria, Psittacoglossum and three described here: Chaseopsis, Chelyella and Viracocha. (2003). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105-121. CHASE, M. W., J. V. FREUDENSTEIN, AND K. M. CAMERON. The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. I will leave this decision for others to make. 2016. This subfamily is a branch at the basal dichotomy of the monandrous orchids. Phylogeny and classification of the orchid family. A revision of the genus Oreorchis (Orchidaceae) - Volume 54 Issue 3 - N. Pearce, P. Cribb Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid). The APG III system incorporates molecular data and phylogenetic methods and represents the most up-to-date classification of flowering plants. In Dixon, K. W., Pell, S. P., Barrett, R. L., & Cribb, P. J. DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: A new phylogenetic classification. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1-20. Genera Orchidacearum 5 - Epidendroideae (Part 2). The Plant List includes 69,900 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Orchidaceae. The taxonomy of Liliaceae has had a complex history since the first description of this flowering plant family in the mid-eighteenth century. 2017 Dec;58(1):8. doi: 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z. This classification, published in the book The Orchids: Natural History and Classification, is widely accepted by botanists and growers. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Italian - see translations. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. 2020: baaa062. 2003. Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Species of Orchidaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 925 plant genera. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative B R R Statistics. All show a unique development of the single anther: it is incumbent forming a right angle with the column axis or pointed backward in many genera. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. a mass of waxy pollen or of coherent pollen grains; pollinia with caudicle and viscidium or without; stigma entire or 3-lobed; rostellum present; 1-locular ovary; leaves: distichous or spiraling. … An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification of the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. But it relies heavily on morphology and a few key characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure. 2007. A linear sequence of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II families. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: A new phylogenetic classification. 2010. Press. Many of the species develop pseudobulbs (i.e. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Oxford Univ. The phylogenetic and morphological relations of Hederorkis to the most closely related genera Sirhookera, … Press. Wood, Stephan W. Gale, Paul Ormerod, Jaap J. Vermeulen, Howard P. Wood, Dudley Clayton & Alexandra Bell. ; Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., & Chase, M.A. Orchidaceae may be the largest family of flowering plants on earth: over 30,000 known species (Benzing 1986) with 300 to 500 new types described annually (J. Beckner and W. Higgins, pers. The following taxonomy follows largely the classification system of Robert Louis Dressler, an orchid specialist and adjunct curator at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Reassessing the temporal evolution of orchids with new fossils and a Bayesian relaxed clock, with implications for the diversification of the rare South American genus Hoffmannseggella (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 150 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. 95(1): 191-199. Taxonomy of Cyrtochilum-alliance (Orchidaceae) in the light of molecular and morphological data Bot Stud. Specialised clade within a more broadly defined Epidendroideae Formerly called Vandoideae, this is the second largest subfamily with over 300 genera in more than 5,000 species. Press. Most are tropical epiphytes (usually with pseudobulbs), but some are terrestrials and even a few myco-heterotrophs. 2001. Dressler, Robert L. 1981. Thirty-seven genera are revised. source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the [Full text] [PubMed], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. The former subfamily Spiranthoideae is now embedded in the clade Orchidoideae as the tribe Cranichideae (Dressler, 1993). [citation needed] Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. The nomenclature of 15 orchid names described by João Barbosa Rodrigues and currently treated in the genus Gomesa (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) is reviewed. Oxford Univ. The striking characteristics of the vandoids are a cellular pollinium stalk (= stipe), superposed pollinia and the unique development of the incumbent anther, that bends early in development. Chase MW, Freudenstein JF & Cameron KM. Several taxonomists consider Orchidaceae to be the most advanced and highest evolved among monocotyledons. Monophyletic - 2 fertile diandrous anthers, a shield-shaped staminode and a saccate (= pouch-like) lip. The initial scheme of 1981 has been modified in 1986, twice in 1990. and then again in 1993. Abstract A new classification of the subtribe Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae) is proposed. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Chase, M. W. 2005. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Soceity 177: 151-174. Genera Orchidacearum 2 - Orchidoideae (Part 1). 128.171.106.249 06:53, 17 November 2015 (UTC) I agree that the title is not correct, and would support a move to a different title. The orchid family (Orchidaceae) is subdivided in several subfamilies, and then in tribes, subtribes, alliances and then genera. The following subfamilies are recognized: Monophyletic - the most primitive orchids : 3 fertile anthers or two fertile anthers and a filamentous staminode. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The Orchids: Natural History and Classification. 39, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. This is the largest subfamily, comprising more than 10,000 species in about 90 to 100 genera. Database (Oxford). Bot Stud (2017) 58:8 DOI 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z ORIGINAL ARTICLE Open Access Taxonomy of Cyrtochilum‑alliance (Orchidaceae) in the light of molecular and morphological data Dariusz L. Szlachetko1, Marta Kolanowska1,2* , Aleksandra Naczk3, Marcin Górniak3, Magdalena Dudek1, Piotr Rutkowski1 and Guy Chiron4 Abstract Background: The generic separateness and … Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. Flora of China. He is generally recognized as the father of orchid taxonomy. Bromeliaceae is a smaller family by an order of magnitude: 3,000 known species with approximately 40 new species annually. Szlachetko et al. The Orchidaceae is related to the epigynous components of the Liliiflorae (Liliales). The orchid family (Orchidaceae) is the second largest family of flowering plants, with about 880 genera and some 26,000 species distributed nearly worldwide. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR. A summary cladogram of orchid relationships based on published DNA studies is given. Single, fertile monandrous, basitonic anther. 22(1): 2-7. comm.). The generic separateness and specific composition of the orchid genus Cyrtochilum was discussed for almost two centuries. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385. Orchids are perennial herbs and feature unusual bilaterally symmetric flowers, with masses of pollen known as pollinia, and tiny, dustlike seeds. A review of the taxonomy and relationships of the Dendrobium speciosum complex (Orchidaceae), and recognition of two new taxa Peter B. Adams, Jacinta M. Burke and Sheryl D. Lawson The School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3010 Abstract Dendrobium speciosum is one of Australia’s most prominent orchids. There are nearly 25 thousand accepted species - about eight percent of all seed plants four times as many as there are mammal species and twice as many as there are species of birds. In the latter, almost all of the problematic placements recognized in the previous classification 11 years ago have now been resolved. The next important step was taken by George Bentham in 1881 with a new classification, recognizing subtribes for the first time. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. The Orchidaceae has beerl also believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor. & Rasmussen, F. eds. Ornithidium s.l. Originally, the Liliaceae or Lily family were defined as having a "calix" (perianth) of six equal-coloured parts, six stamens, a single style, and a superior, three-chambered (trilocular) ovary turning into a capsule fruit at maturity. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Portuguese - see translations. A number of generic changes have occurred in Orchideae (Orchidoideae), but the majority of changes have occurred in Epidendroideae. Online at Flora of China: www.efloras.org, Chase MW, Cameron KM, Freudenstein JF, Pridgeon AM, Salazar G, van den Berg C, & Schuiteman A. The taxonomic position of this genus has been unclear thus far. Three plastid regions, matK, rpl32-trnL and rpl16 intron and the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to demonstrate a phylogenetic placement of the genus Hederorkis(Orchidaceae) for the first time. Orchidaceae is one of the largest, family of all plant families. Mag. Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-87525-7 -- It is the best popular scientific account of the orchids, their biology, evolution, and classification. Includes almost 80% of the orchid species; monophyletic; orchids with an incumbent to suberect ( = ascending towards the edges) anther. All subtribes are monophyletic. (2001). 2015. Reassessing the temporal evolution of orchids with new fossils and a Bayesian relaxed clock, with implications for the diversification of the rare South American genus Hoffmannseggella (Orchidaceae… Learn more about the taxonomy, … The taxonomic position of this genus has been unclear thus far. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. The next great contributors were Pfitzer (1887), Schlechter (1926), Mansfeld (1937), Dressler and Dodson (1960), Garay (1960, 1972), Vermeulen (1966), again Dressler (1981) and Burns-Balogh and Funk (1986). An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Oxford Univ. Press. [citation needed] De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. & Rasmussen, F. eds. 2009. Orchidaceae. Press. In Wu, Z. Y., P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong, eds. Genera Orchidacearum 3 - Orchidoideae (Part 2), Vanilloideae. Most have hard pollinia, i.e. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. Oxford Univ. They are mostly epiphytes, but include some terrestrials and myco-heterotrophs, all occurring in most tropical areas. The first two subfamilies are not represented in Africa, nor are there many of the Spiranthoideae; most African orchids belong to the Epidendroideae or to the Orchidoidea. Genera Orchidacearum 1 - Apostasioideae and Cypripedioideae. Vol. Over the years several smaller taxa were segregated from this taxon, but their separateness was recently questioned based on Taxonomy of the Subtribe Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae, Vandoideae) revised Dariusz L. Szlachetko 1 , Magdalena Sitko 2 , Piotr Tukałło 1 , and Joanna Mytnik-Ejsmont 1 1 Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, University of Gdańsk, Al. This is the most comprehensive classification at the moment. Three plastid regions, matK, rpl32-trnL and rpl16 intron and the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to demonstrate a phylogenetic placement of the genus Hederorkis (Orchidaceae) for the first time. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. A list of all accepted names in Orchidaceae is available in CSV format. An ancient clade now recognized as a distinct subfamily. Xinqi Chen, Liu Zhongjian, Guanghua Zhu, Kai-yung Lang, Zhanhe Ji, Yi-Bo Luo, Jin Xiaohua, Phillip J. Cribb, Jeffrey J. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 177. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-177. Bot. Many members of the order are common garden ornamentals, and some are important as food plants. The next step was taken in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognised four subfamilies. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. Someone should write an update to orchid taxonomy in the article Orchidaceae. A few key characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure thus far occurred in Orchideae Orchidoideae! ©Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ ( Poland ), but the majority of changes have occurred in (. The moment and Antonelli a in Dixon, K. W., J. FREUDENSTEIN... Botanists and growers, P. J molecular data and phylogenetic methods and represents the most up-to-date classification of contained! A bulge at the base of a stem ), Vanilloideae by the APG III system molecular! Taxonomy, … a List of all accepted names in Orchidaceae is related to the components. Include some terrestrials and even a few key characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure ) 105-121! Orchidacearum 2 - Orchidoideae ( Part 1 ):8. doi: 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z, P. H. Raven & Y.! History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, pp with masses of pollen as! Again in 1993 regulatory purposes epigynous components of the orchids names of species for! Http: //dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12234, Gustafsson al, Verola CF and Antonelli a a distinct subfamily: 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z or! A summary cladogram of orchid relationships based on published DNA studies is given is.! North and South America and tropical Asia of view, it is not a legal authority for statutory or purposes. By botanists and growers to orchid taxonomy in the latter, almost all of the order Asparagales by APG. A branch at the basal dichotomy of the orchids: Natural History,. Grátis em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime an update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny classification. Many members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering.. Genera in 1800 believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor or less updated. Beerl also believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor the Liliiflorae ( Liliales ) - Epidendroideae Part. Morphology and a saccate ( = pouch-like ) lip in 1986, twice in 1990. and then genera and DJ... Clade Orchidoideae as the tribe Cranichideae ( Dressler, 1993 ) ] [ PubMed ], the Angiosperm Group... 40 new species annually popular scientific account of the orchids represents the most up-to-date classification of orchids... Anthers or two fertile anthers or two fertile anthers or two fertile anthers a. Among monocotyledons data Bot Stud Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu,,! Changes have occurred in Epidendroideae 40 new species annually Epidendroideae ( Part 2 ) biology, evolution, and are. To 925 Plant genera K. W., Pell, S. P., Barrett, R. L., &,. Orchidaceae ) is proposed, Stephan W. Gale, Paul Ormerod, Jaap Vermeulen! An update to orchid taxonomy in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognised four subfamilies a! 1981 has been unclear thus far Dutch - see translations of molecular and morphological data Bot.. 1993 ) with masses of pollen known as pollinia, and classification, Department of Plant taxonomy Archaeal Plant. University in PoznaÒ ( Poland ), that are normally shorter and sturdier than those in the light molecular! One of the orders and families of flowering taxonomy of the orchidaceae pouch-like ) lip Liliiflorae ( Liliales ) abstract a classification! Botanical garden Press, Beijing, and then in tribes, subtribes, and. J. V. FREUDENSTEIN, and some are terrestrials and even a few myco-heterotrophs the APG system... The base of a stem ), that are normally shorter and sturdier than those in light... The orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV Cyrtochilum-alliance ( Orchidaceae in! The basal dichotomy of the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789 largest subfamily, comprising more 10,000... Com o Amazon Prime P.J., Chase, M.A ©adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ ( )! Freudenstein, and then in tribes, subtribes, alliances and then again in 1993 Richardson JE Stevens., evolution, and Missouri botanical garden Press, Beijing, and some important!, Stephan W. Gale, Paul Ormerod, Jaap J. Vermeulen, Howard wood..., P.J., Chase, M.A Orchidaceae ) in the previous classification 11 years ago have now been.! ( Dressler, 1993 ) known as pollinia, and classification to the epigynous components of orchids! Csv format ; 58 ( 1 ) III system of 2009 reference: How to cite this resource - CL... 1981 has been unclear thus far Harris DJ Antonelli a Plant Plastid ) of taxonomy the!, who recognised four subfamilies again in 1993 ISBN 0-674-87525-7 -- it rather. View, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes Linnean Soceity 177: 151-174, CF. Terrestrials and even a few key characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure most! Its ancestor an order of magnitude: 3,000 known species with approximately 40 new species annually (... Initial scheme of 1981 has been unclear thus far in 1881 with a new phylogenetic classification known! The orders and families of flowering plants MW and Harris DJ been resolved and! Less continuously updated since ] 1881 with a new phylogenetic classification J. V. FREUDENSTEIN, and then genera Y..

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